Financial Intermediation Cooperatives are financial intermediation institutions organized as cooperative societies that operate exclusively with their members. There are two types of financial intermediation cooperatives: those with full authorization and those with limited authorization (Retail Cooperatives).
Cooperatives with full authorization can perform the same operations as banks.
Financial intermediation retail cooperatives are authorized to operate with some restrictions related to currencies, lower credit ceilings and some non-permitted operations. These restrictions are set out in Art. 266 of the Central Bank of Uruguay Communications Compilation of Financial System Regulation and Control Rules (RNRCSF in Spanish).
These entities require Authorization from the Executive Power to operate for reasons of legality, timeliness and appropriateness, with prior favorable report from the Central Bank of Uruguay. Additionally, they require authorization from the Superintendency of Financial Services to start operating in the financial system. See requirements for approval and permission to operate (Art. 14 et seq RNRCSF).
In these cases, supervision is primarily aimed at protecting the stability and solvency of the entities, based on the systematic and regular implementation of different supervisory mechanisms, which seek to promote entities to manage their risks in a professional way (such as the risk of being used for money laundering or terrorist financing), to prepare financial reports in a timely and consistent manner, to operate with caution and maintain adequate compliance with regulations (capital and liquidity requirements among other). Through these procedures, it is possible to have early warnings of problems and thus company managers can take appropriate measures to solve them in a timely manner.
The role of protecting financial users is also performed by responding to inquiries and denouncements.